What’s the summer population of Cornwall?

As you’re stuck in a traffic jam this summer ponder a puzzle. What exactly is the population of Cornwall in August? It’s surprisingly difficult to find a simple answer to this question.

The latest guess (by the ONS) is that Cornwall’s resident population in 2014 was 545,000. This obviously rises in summer. But by how many? While some are content to say it ‘rises massively‘ and leave it at that, others are quick to quantify. Kerry Smith, the editor of British Airways High Life tweeted in 2014 that the population of Cornwall increases from 250,000 in winter to 7 million in summer. As she was wrong on the winter population by a factor of two, the figure for the summer population is also likely to be hopelessly inaccurate.

smith tweetPerhaps she got her information from the same place as the Daily Telegraph. In 2011 that paper told us with a straight face that the ‘latest figures’ (although it didn’t divulge where those could be found) meant that Cornwall’s population swells ‘to more than 5 million‘. As the Telegraph was bent on frightening its readers with the prospects of a tourist tax (some chance), it’s likely they were hyping up the possible effects.

We might start to get a little suspicious of these figures when we read the Plymouth Herald reporting earlier this year that the population of Cornwall AND Devon rises more than five-fold in summer (from 1.5 million – near enough correct – to 8 million). Yet the police were quoted saying the rise in emergency calls amount to just 35% in summer.

Enjoying the Cornish countryside

Enjoying the Cornish countryside

These claims for the size of the summer population are nonsense. If they were, we wouldn’t be able to get anywhere on the roads. In fact, according to Visit Britain, the number of holiday trips to Cornwall over a whole year equates to just under 3 million. It’s actually fallen from a peak of 3.1 million in 2009-11 to 2.8 million over the past three years. We can add to that another million or so trips made to friends and relatives, to second homes and for business reasons, although these elements are not broken down.

This amounts to 3-4 million trips a year. Around 15% of those trips are compressed into the month of August, which suggests around 450,000 to 600,000 trips will have been made to Cornwall this month. This would certainly explain the state of the roads without recourse to ridiculously inflated population estimates of 5-7 million.

So if everyone stayed for a whole month the population would rise by around half a million. But they don’t. Visit Cornwall claims that the average stay is 8.5 nights in summer. Even if we assume everyone stays for a fortnight that means an extra 225-300,000 people at any one time in August, an awful lot lower than some of the apocalyptic figures floating around. Put it another way, the summer population grows by around 40 to 55%.

It is possible this is an underestimate. Cornwall Council’s ‘demographic evidence base’ of 2011 told us that the population of Newquay grows ten-fold in summer. That’s around 200,000. If this is true, it only leaves 100,000 visitors for the rest of Cornwall, which seems unlikely. But the source for Cornwall Council’s claim, as with so many tourism-related statistics, is opaque, to say the least.

Balancing that, some usual residents will be away on holiday themselves in other places, so the net rise of population will be less than is implied by these gross figures.

Getting away from it all? In summer, Cornwall's population density, is higher, in many cases far higher, than most of rural England and Wales.

Getting away from it all? In summer, Cornwall’s population density, is higher, in many cases far higher, than most of rural England and Wales.

What are we left with? A summer population of between 770,000 and 850,000 is my best guess. And what are the implications? First, we don’t need to imagine huge 5–7 million jumps in population to explain the congestion and chaos we see everyday around us. The actual population growth caused by tourism is far more modest. Second, the real unsustainable problem is not so much tourist numbers, which are stagnating, but steady in-migration and population growth. If the current rate of permanent population growth in Cornwall continues on its present path the resident population alone will reach the current August population in 60 years time. By the 2070s January will be like August now. And August will be like … ????

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Brexit’s potential silver linings

What are the silver linings to the Brexit cloud?

The first and most promising is the effect on the property market. During the referendum campaign, George Osborne and the Treasury predicted that house prices would fall by 18% and David Cameron chimed in to claim mortgages would be more expensive. Of course, it was a little difficult to tell whether this had any basis in reality or was just another scare story blowing around in the blizzard of mendacity that passed for campaigning. However, prices at the luxury end of the London market are falling, shares in property funds plummeting and the construction industry slumped badly last month. So maybe house prices will fall and the building bubble burst before it’s even properly under way.

But if you think that’ll solve Cornwall’s housing crisis and the serious imbalance between affordability and unaffordability then think again. If prices fall developers will just sit on their land and restrict supply until they rise again. That’s how the market works and the provision of houses is almost entirely dependent on market mechanisms these days. Don’t forget the excessive number of planning permissions that have been thrown around like confetti since 2010 and the 17% leap in Cornwall’s housing target. That’ll be more than enough to ensure that after any temporary difficulties builders will be back at work all over our green and pleasant land. Cornwall’s problematic status as a prime spot for asset speculation and a source of unearned income needs a lot more radical, structural reform and will survive any short-term ups and downs in the property market.

Second, EU grants may end. This could mean an end to the high-status prestige projects that have hoovered up a large chunk of EU money – for example subsidising non-Cornish academic institutions or uneconomic tourist attractions and the steady haemorrhaging of cash into Cornwall Council’s pet project – Newquay airport. Maybe, if the tap dries up, this will cause the Council to have a long-overdue rethink. It may conclude it’s got its priorities wrong. Instead of stubbornly insisting on pouring generous wads of public money into plans to boost global warming and subsidise second home ownership, it could decide to pay for communities’ libraries or public toilets.

But again, don’t get too excited. The unaccountable Local Enterprise Partnership and Cornwall Council are already lobbying hard for EU grants to be fully replaced by Westminster grants. This will pay for their latest grandiose but utterly daft plans for a spaceport at Newquay and those less publicised infrastructural ‘improvements’ needed to ‘unlock’ land which can then be used for lots of lovely houses, many right next to that spaceport it seems.

Third, and more tentatively, we’re now rid of the neoliberal austerity politics of the EU. Mind you, this might be a case of out of the neoliberal pan and straight into the neoliberal fire. Yet, as George Monbiot reminds us, there is a window of opportunity here for alternative and more sustainable approaches to organising our economy. However, expect the political class to rush to close it and restore ‘business as usual’ as quickly as possible, just as they did after the financial panic of 2008.

Finally, presumably having got what they’ve wanted, the obsessives of Ukip have no raison d’etre left. I expect they’ll soon dissolve their party, which is now surplus to requirements

For more observations on the politics of the post-Brexit era see here.

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Time warp at Cornwall Council. 30 years on and still powerless.

Here’s a report from the West Briton

Housing protests may backfire‘.
Objectors to … forecasts of massive increases in Cornwall’s housing needs were warned last week that their protests could achieve the opposite effect

Planning officers hastened to warn councillors that if they opposed the housing target being proposed ‘the Government would step in and change them and their figures were higher‘.

What’s so unusual about that, you may ask.

The report is from January 1988. Almost 30 years on and nothing has changed. Planning officers are still bullying elected members into adopting ridiculously high housing targets. Cornwall Council still seems depressingly useless in the face of the juggernaut of population growth fuelled by mass in-migration.

Except that the target the councillors were so worried about in 1988 was 39,500. Now we’re looking at least at 52,500, despite a lower rate of population growth over the past decade. Another difference is that councillors back in 1988 had sufficient nerve to over-rule their officers, telling them to go back and re-assess the forecasts.

population change 61-11 smallIn 1988 Councillor Harvey Lander said ‘we should go back to the Government and say we want special consideration. We are in a unique and special position’. The County Planning Officer denied Cornwall was a special case. Planning officers are still denying this. And the Council is still not making a strong and consistent case for special treatment.

While the developers laugh all the way to the bank.

 

Fact check: The population of Cornwall in the 1980s grew by 10.6%. Population in the 2000s grew by 6.5%. At the end of the 1980s the Council was proposing a target of 39,500 houses. In the 2010s it’s proposing a target of 52,500 despite lower growth. Why???

Population growth falls yet housing target rises!

Population growth falls yet housing target rises!

Posted in councillors, Local Plan, population growth, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Cornwall’s in-migration rate 50% higher than Britain

Brexiteers and remainers have been working themselves up into a lather over the latest immigration statistics. So let’s compare the record immigration into Britain announced this week with the most recent in-migration to Cornwall. (Incidentally, the latter was not a record by any means.)

Annual net-migration to Britain = 0.53% of the population. Cue headline news, panicking politicians and tabloid hysteria.

Annual net-migration to Cornwall = 0.82% of the population. Cue media silence, politicians ramping up housing target and developers just rampaging .

net migration

Posted in population growth | 2 Comments

The cynicism of power. Or how to make money in Cornwall.

The cynicism of power is now blatant and direct. Those who arrogate the right to decide for us openly and shamelessly parade their interests for all to see. Take the ‘examination’ of Cornwall Council’s Local Plan, which charade resumes its merry course for another couple of weeks starting next Monday – the 16th May.

In the old days of the 1980s structure plans were also subjected to ‘examinations in public’. But the proceedings were conducted in an atmosphere redolent of a relatively equal playing field. The House Builders Federation on the one side would argue for a higher housing target, campaigners would make their case for a lower figure, with all of them, at least on the surface, being treated with equal consideration.

No more. Many objected to ramping up the rate of housing and population growth in Cornwall, already three times higher than in England. They pointed out how an increase of 16% over recent (and falling) historic trend rates was insupportable and unsustainable. They asked why there has been a glaring failure to audit the accuracy of the official projections which underpin the increase in the housing target to 52,500.

More houses are already being built in Cornwall than anywhere in England or Wales in relation to our population. And they still want more.

More houses are already being built in Cornwall than anywhere in England or Wales in relation to our population. And they still want more.

Their representations have been casually defined by the government inspector, Simon Emerson, as ‘virtually identical’. Brusquely ordered to provide one spokesperson for all these ‘identical’ representations, a few brave campaigners for a sustainable Cornwall are being provided with a short slot in which to make their case.

They’ll be joined at the table on Tuesday morning, when the discussion turns to the housing target, by a gang of well-paid, hired mercenaries. These are the planning agents, paid to make a case for the big upcountry developers and local landlords, the boys (and a few girls) who helped ‘convince’ Emerson to add 5,000 to Cornwall Council’s figure last year at the beginning of this (deliberately?) long-drawn out process. Most of them seem to be based in Bristol but distance doesn’t prevent them knowing exactly what Cornwall ‘requires’. They’ve all provided pages of well-financed and attractively designed ‘evidence’ and will all be listened to attentively.

In contrast to those calling for a lower and more appropriate target, their representations, which can be read here, are not defined as ‘virtually identical’. Yet, what exactly are these non-identical representations saying?

  • Persimmon, unusual in that this developer makes a direct representation rather than hiding behind agents, feels a target of 52,500, only involving building the equivalent of more than five Truros in 20 years, just isn’t enough, It ‘falls short of the level of housing need required in Cornwall’ and should be raised to somewhere between 57,000 and 75,000.
Persimmon already has permission for 400 houses here at Liskeard. But they want more.

Persimmon already has permission for 400 houses here at Liskeard. But they want more.

  • The House Home [sic] Builders Federation disagrees. It thinks 52,500 is ‘on the low side’ and 60,000 would be more appropriate.

And then there’s all the planning agents, who are in no way making virtually identical representations.

  • Tetlow King, shedding copious crocodile tears over Cornwall’s ludicrously inflated Home Choice Register (which we are being asked to believe has grown by 50% in 5 years while in rural areas in England waiting lists have shrunk by a third over thee same period) want ‘a more robust figure’.
  • Origin3, representing Taylor Wimpey, LBX Properties, Comparo Ltd, Terrace Hill and the Tregothnan Estate, think the target should be ‘at least 52,500’. ‘An increase … is required’, they conclude.
  • Emery Planning, working for Wainhomes, are not having that and don’t agree. 52,500 is ‘a minimum’ and the target should be ‘at least 77,780’.
  • Barton Willmore, for Merriman Ltd, on the other hand, concludes that 52,500 is ‘not sufficient’ and has to be replaced by a ‘robust higher housing requirement figure’.
  • Collier Planning, for Linden Homes, feels differently. For them, a higher target of 58,000 to 66,000 is needed, even though this is based on a ‘conservative’ assessment.
  • Redrow Homes, which seems to have employed three different agents to ensure its case is heard among all these very different representations, conclude that 52,500 is ‘too conservative’ and ‘should be higher’.
Some of the countryside west of Truro soon to be sacrificed for the sake of 2,500 houses and developers' profits.

Some of the countryside west of Truro soon to be sacrificed for the sake of 2,500 houses and developers’ profits.

  • D2 Planning, for Jackamax at Helston, Barrett David Wilson Homes, Porthminster View Developments, Gonwin Developments and Bovis Homes, blusters that 52,500 ‘cannot be accepted’. This veiled threat is accompanied by the unique conclusion that a figure ‘in excess of 60,000’ would be ‘more appropriate’.
  • PCL Planning meanwhile reaches the innovative finding, found nowhere else, that the target ‘should and could be higher’, ‘at least 62,000’.
Land at Helston earmarked for housing.

Land at Helston earmarked for housing.

As we can see, the only different conclusions in the pages and pages of professionally and expensively produced technical supporting data with which they’re deluging the inspector revolve around the precise rise in the housing target. Should it be 10,000? Or perhaps 25,000? But, very oddly, according to the government’s planning inspector, who’s already boosted the Local Plan target by 5,000, these virtually identical conclusions are not virtually identical at all but completely and utterly different. So much so that all their authors have to be given their say at next week’s rigged ‘examination’

All this wasteful tomfoolery can be boiled to one simple sentence – ‘Give us more money’. In any rational world, the representations of the developers and landlords and their planning agents would be given short shrift and immediately excluded from consideration. This would be on the grounds that they have a massive vested interest in the outcome, as screwing an even higher housing target out of Cornwall Council means their plans stand even more chance of acceptance. Instead, in the farce that will be played out at Newquay next week their greed will be deferred to with all due pomp and ceremony.

Posted in Local Plan, official statistics, planning system, population growth, Uncategorized | 3 Comments

Cornwall is not ‘the same as everywhere else’

There’s a tendency on social media to claim that development pressures in Cornwall are nothing unique or out of the ordinary. ‘It’s the same everywhere’ and ‘no different here’ are the refrains. Sometimes, this can meld into a more vituperative, anti-Cornish rhetoric, as we see in the tide of trolling that inevitably accompanies issues such as the lack of funding for the Cornish language. The latter flows from a desperate, almost pathological in some cases, desire to deny difference to Cornwall and/or a stubborn refusal to understand what the words ‘national minority’ mean. However, let’s not dwell on the psychological problems of those who feel so threatened by Cornish demands for equal treatment.

It’s difficult to see what claims that Cornwall is ‘no different’ from anywhere else are supposed to imply. So what? Are we supposed to respond by saying ‘oh, well, that’s OK then, I’ll get back to Britain’s Got Talent‘. It’s irrelevant, as we’re living in Cornwall, not ‘anywhere else’. Clearly, many communities in rural England will also face the prospect of mass housing on nearby countryside However, let’s look at this in perspective and seek out evidence rather than rely on anecdotes and assertions that we’re the ‘same’ as everyone else.

If we do that we’ll soon discover that in practice the claim just doesn’t stack up. On many levels Cornwall is different from everywhere else, most obviously in the historic traces of its non-English language, a sense of national identity and its Celtic connections. But it’s different even in terms of mundane ‘development’ pressures, which are actually a lot greater in Cornwall than in most parts of England, both currently and historically.

Let’s take population growth since 1961. Here’s a map of population change in England and Wales. Cornwall ranks 8th. The areas with higher growth tend to be economic powerhouses in the east and south English Midlands or places with new towns. Neither of these factors were found in Cornwall, which in contrast is a region with chronic economic issues. In 56 English and Welsh counties, population growth was lower than in Cornwall.

population change 61-11 smallWhat about the increase in the housing stock since the Tories and Lib Dems imposed their build-at-all-costs planning framework in 2010? In this case, only four English counties outstrip Cornwall – Beds, Bucks, Cambs and Somerset. In the other 42 counties relative growth has been slower, in many cases a lot slower. And yet Cornwall is singled out by developers as being ‘closed for business’!

growth in housing stock small

houses per popn 2010-15 small

 

If we relate the growth in housing to the resident population, things get even worse. Not one English county has a rate of housebuilding as high as Cornwall in relation to its population. In comparable areas such as Cumbria, development pressures on this criterion are running more than 10 times lower.

 

 

Then, there’s the number of planning permissions granted last year in relation to the resident population. Again, only four out of 46 English counties had a higher rate than Cornwall – Shropshire, Herefordshire, Warwickshire and Somerset.

major apps granted 2015

And finally, we come to the real scandal. Here’s the change in housing waiting lists since 2010. waiting lists smallMysteriously, while Cornwall is at the top of the housebuilding league, the number of people on its waiting lists spiralled by 9,358 from 2011 to 2015. Yet, in English counties with similar high rates of house building, such as Somereset, Bucks and Cambs, waiting lists have been dramatically cut – by over a half. Across England as a whole, they’ve collapsed by a third since 2010.

So why is Cornwall so different? Despite being congratulated on building a lot of so-called ‘affordable homes’, why is ours one of the few waiting lists to have grown, while virtually all the rest have fallen? Does this means that Cornwall Council’s affordable housing policy has been an abysmal failure compared with most English counties? Or could waiting lists in Cornwall be a political tool, not a technical measure of housing need at all? In whose interests is it to maintain an artificially inflated waiting list, and indeed add to it in this way?

For all the above reasons, Cornwall is hardly the ‘same as everywhere else’. We’re paying a considerably higher environmental, economic and cultural price than anywhere else and Cornish communities shoulder an excessive burden in coping with rapid social change. And that’s before even factoring in the status of the Cornish people as a national minority and our non-English credentials.

Time for that much-touted but never delivered ‘fair deal for Cornwall’ perhaps.

Posted in discourses and ideologies, official statistics, population growth | 1 Comment

Peer review or hatchet job? Deconstructing Cornwall’s Council’s planning system.

On January 7th a peer review on Cornwall Council’s planning department was published –  Final Planning Peer Report – Cornwall Council Jan 7 2016. This was leaked to the press in early March at the latest but unaccountably still cannot be found on the Council’s website. As late as April 4th the Council’s leadership was treating it as private and confidential. So why were they so coy about it?

On reading this peer review you’d be forgiven for thinking you’d fallen asleep and woken up in an alternative universe. This is a world where the six external reviewers conclude that Cornwall is ‘closed for business’. It’s a place which has had ‘low building rates in the past’, where developers go in fear, their advice ignored by a council where planning officers are regularly bullied by councillors who are overwhelmingly ‘anti-development’.

This bizarre caricature is so ludicrously out of kilter with the facts of housing and population growth in Cornwall it’s difficult to believe it’s not some bad taste joke or a spoof. It’s very difficult, if not impossible, to square the notion that Cornwall Council is so ‘anti-development’ with inconvenient facts such as why

  • the housing stock and population of Cornwall grew at three times the rate of that of England in the half century between 1961 and 2011, four times that of Wales and 28 times that of Scotland.
  • more houses are being built in relation to the resident population in Cornwall than anywhere else in the UK.
  • the 52,5000 house target of the Local Plan is a 16% increase on recent historic building rates. Moreover, in plumping for its original 47,500 target the Council adopted a figure closer to developers’ proposals than those of local residents and parish and town councils.
  • developers have an inside track to planners, involved closely in writing Local Plan documents such as the Strategic Land Availability Assessment and meeting regularly at Developers Forums

If all this is being ‘anti-development’ then it’s a bit worrying to ponder what ‘pro-development’ might mean. The conclusions of the peer reviewers, who humorously entitle one section ‘evidence-based decisions’ are entirely unrelated to the above evidence, which of course is completely ignored.

What can only be described as a hatchet job on behalf of developers merely recycles hoary old myths. For example: ‘post building surveys have shown that the vast majority of market homes are lived in by people from the surrounding area. House builders pointed to the common perception that new homes are bought by people outside the area, rebutting this “myth” with evidence of recent strong sales from people keen to stay in their local towns and villages responding to pent up demand and low building rates in the past’.

'Low building rates in the past' - a developers' myth

‘Low building rates in the past’ – a developers’ myth

The ‘low building rates’ is an outright lie and the logic of the rest verges on the incredible. As natural change in the Cornish population is negative (meaning there are more deaths than births) the need for extra houses generated by the existing population is very small, estimated to be between 6,000 and 13,000, even allowing for the backlog of people in housing need. The remaining 35-40,000 houses are not ‘needed’ at all by the existing residents but are to cater for demand for housing from future in-migrants.

Therefore, if these mysterious ‘post-building surveys’ (none of which could be produced by the planners when they were requested in 2012) find that all new houses are going to locals then 35-40,000 old houses (or around 2,000 a year) must be being bought by incomers. This seems extremely unlikely, especially given the marketing strategies of the volume housebuilders and some local estate agents, which unashamedly sell their new houses to the Lifestyle Cornwall market.

Either all our old houses are being sold to in-migrants, or there are thousands of non-enumerated residents currently living wild or in caves, folk who emerge from their lairs loaded down with wads of cash, to eagerly snap up any new houses that appear.

While taking care to puncture the ‘myth’ that new housing triggers in-migration, the authors of the report conclude that the planning service is ‘not maximising the contribution it could make to delivering on the area’s economic and housing needs’.

And here we meet the real reason the Council is embarrassed about this report. These naive pro-growth reviewers have blundered into revealing Cornwall Council’s real agenda. ‘Corporate priorities’ are unquestionable – ‘sustainable development and economic growth’, translated as a vision ‘to deliver on the potential that development can bring to the economy of the area’.

There’s another, more hidden, reason to ‘capitalise’ on house building. More houses bring a new homes bonus and more council tax, more business, and more business rates. From the narrow perspective of the reviewers this is the only way to ‘maintain services’ in a context of government cuts. The Council has to allow developers to generate more income for it and thus attain ‘financial stability’. Nowhere does the report spell out how many houses would actually be required to plug the gap in government funding. But it’ll be considerably more than the current 52,500 house target being imposed and more likely to be over 100,000 houses in a 20 year period.

Some of the countryside west of Truro soon to be sacrificed for the sake of 2,500 houses and developers' profits.

Some of the countryside west of Truro soon to be sacrificed for the sake of 2,500 houses and developers’ profits.

The staggering environmental and cultural consequences of this beggar belief, but the reviewers have no words to say on that matter. Neither do they hint at the long-term unsustainability of continuing with this build regardless of costs scenario. No; they urge the Council to work closely with the Developers Forum and the unaccountable and undemocratic Local Enterprise Partnership to push through its agenda. The Council should ‘focus on the advantages of economic gain rather than infrastructure deficit’, a soothing thought the next time you’re stuck in a traffic jam or can’t get an appointment at Treliske.

The problem therefore becomes local objectors. They’re preventing all the goodies that will flow from destroying our countryside, building thousands of houses and ramping up the population to ever higher levels. Oh, and they’re adding to the risks of private developers by increasing uncertainty, which means the poor old developers can’t offer so many inducements in the form of S106 agreements and similar (translate as make so much profit as they could do). ‘Committees cannot work on the basis that local residents’ opposition will “trump” sound evidence in the development plans’, while councillors ‘should not simply act on behalf of local residents’. To reduce the influence of objectors the review proposes a ‘rebalancing exercise’ which in their 1984 world turns out in practice to result in an even more unbalanced pro-developer bias to the planning system.

The Strategic Planning Committee should be abolished and the three area planning committees reduced to two. The number of councillors on those remaining committees ought to be reduced to 11 and they should be ‘encouraged to raise their eyes from a local perspective’. Political leaders’ should ‘ensure that councillors with appropriate strategic thinking and decision-making skills are selected’. Meanwhile, local ward councillors’ right to question applicants should be abolished as it ‘heavily skews debate towards protecting and promoting local and vocal community interests’.

It’s plain that, for these reviewers, local communities are the enemy. If packing the committees and rigging the rules isn’t enough then, ominously, ‘additional support and training for councillors in how to deliver hard messages should be provided’. From being tribunes of the people, councillors are to be re-educated into their new role as facilitators for developers.

The reviewers confidently and arrogantly expect that ‘eventual acceptance of the need for significant housing growth will provide an important moment around which some political consensus can develop’. Unfortunately, they may be knocking at an open door. They claim that ‘the Leader (Pollard), portfolio holder (Hannaford), many councillors and senior managers’ are aware of the need for ‘change’. They point to the opportunities provided by a new Chief Executive (whose parroting of managerial soundbites such as ‘graphs of doom’ and ‘arcs of opportunity’ is already sending shivers of gloom down the spines of many at the Bunker). In addition, the Local Plan and the 2017 elections provide further opportunities to promote ‘strategic thinking’.

On this last point, campaigners can agree wholeheartedly with them. The 2017 elections do provide an opportunity to ditch the stale, tired and unsustainable growth at all costs, developer-led, ostrich-like ‘vision’ being touted. On the contrary, it offers an opening for real political leadership, one that can cohere around a new, Cornish model of genuinely sustainable progress. Are we prepared to grasp this opportunity?

Posted in councillors, discourses and ideologies, environment, planning system | Tagged , | 3 Comments