Living in the end times? The Cornish crisis ramps up.

Are we living through the end times in Cornwall, doomed to survive into what Neil Kennedy has called Kernowland? This is a post-Cornish Cornwall, stripped of its indigenous, native cultures, even as token signage in re-written medieval Cornish proliferates and St Piran’s flag flies proudly up and down the land. Neil’s warning that we are headed for a ‘Cornish pastiche’, where cultural nationalism has been co-opted into a lightly green-washed Lifestyle Cornwall marketed to outsiders, takes on more urgency when we consider the latest in-migration statistics.

These show conclusively that we are now living through another period of crisis, another phase of the social transformation that got under way back in the 1960s. This has quickened pace again as policy-makers in Cornwall resort to failed policies of population-led growth, this time to save their own sorry skins, rather than the Cornish economy, as was the case in the 1980s.

The latest data for 2016-17 show net in-migration running at a rate unparalleled since the 1980s. Cornwall last year experienced a pro-rata in-migration rate three times higher than that into England, Scotland or Wales. Moreover, not one English county came close to the Cornish rate.
If you think this has always been the case, then think again. Here’s a map of the same measure for the years 2006-11, before the unitary authority was imposed, with its Tory and then Lib Dem administrations, both backed by the Independents and all of them committed to a frenzied building spree. Rates of in-migration were high back in the 2000s, but not by any means the highest in the British Isles.

What’s changed? Cornwall Council will deny it until they’re blue in the face but the coincidence between record levels of in-migration and record levels of housebuilding is interesting to say the least. Of course, the Council refuses to gather data on the origins of the residents of all the new houses they’re encouraging. Councillors and planners know  full well what the answer will be, even as they proudly bleat about meeting ‘local need’.

People might be forgiven if they throw their hands up in despair at this unprecedented level of in-migration. Actually, a lot could be done if only the tools were available, the long-term thinking indulged in, and the political will in place.

For a start we don’t have to stop all migration or end so-called ‘freedom of movement’. This is a lazy distraction touted by those who defend and/or profit from mass in-migration. Gross out-migration is running at something over 20,000 a year, with gross in-migration at 27,000. To restore a balance to net migration we either have to encourage more out-migration or discourage in-migration, not stop the process completely.

To discourage in-migration we must ask what causes it. Clearly, there are two main factors, one short-term and the other longer-term. First is the speculative building of a surplus of the wrong kind of housing which is then aggressively marketed upcountry. The second is the insidious role of tourism in Cornwall, which encourages temporary residence that often induces the desire for permanent.

Perranporth: where tourism and speculation meet

Therefore, the answers logically have to include all or some of:
• Reducing the housing target to a total that supplies the right kind of housing for local residents
• Local taxes on non-resident house purchasers (similar to the extra stamp duty levied on buy-to-rent purchases)
• Punitive taxes on second home ownership and the holiday let business
• A cap on tourist numbers, via some kind of tourist tax
• Changes to the labour market in Cornwall, introducing some form of positive discrimination for local residents
• A radical change in marketing policy for Cornwall, reversing the cultural colonialist and Lifestyle Cornwall values that pervade it.

Some may point out these modest suggestions are hardly defined as practical politics at present, so in the long-term they require a degree of political autonomy or a considerable measure of independence.

Others might argue it’s time to write off the Cornish people as a historical dodo and focus on the global end times of species extinction and planetary suicide that we’re all causing. But if you’re prepared to casually write off one of Europe’s oldest indigenous peoples, then what hope is there for the planet?

Posted in alternatives, Cornwall Council;, official statistics, planning system, population growth, second homes | 2 Comments

Are we building for local need? The data updated.

The ONS recently produced some new household projections. What are the implications for the number of houses we ‘need’ to build in Cornwall? Across England and Wales, the revised projections reduce estimates of future growth by up to 25%. In Cornwall the reduction is somewhat less, but still significant. The broad implications of the new projections are obvious. We don’t need as many houses as the political consensus claims we do. Not that this has received a great deal of attention in the media, London or Truro-based. Nonetheless, this seems an opportune time to revisit the data and sum up where we are. This blog updates the summary I wrote back in June.

What is the actual ‘local need’? The data are quite clear and are as follows.

Over the past decade (2006-16) deaths in Cornwall have outnumbered births by 4051. This means that with no net in-migration the population would be falling.

But as we know it isn’t. Population growth in the last decade is estimated to have been 35,703.

Therefore, net in-migration must be 39,754 (at most, as in 2001-11 the mid-year estimates exaggerated growth in Cornwall by about 15% – for more on the tendency to exaggerate growth in Cornwall see here, pages 20-21).

Any extra housing needed by the current resident population results from a falling household size (resulting in more houses for the same number of households). But the fall in household size has now slowed considerably and in Cornwall is predicted to fall only from 2.28 in 2016 to 2.26 in 2026. If the population were stable this would result in a requirement for an extra 2,150 houses over the next 10 years, or 215 houses a year, plus the replacement of any housing demolished as sub-standard.

But as natural change is negative then if net migration was zero there would be no need at all for any extra houses. In fact, we’d have a surplus of around 1,000 after 10 years. On that assumption and on an aggregate basis all the extra housing is for in-migrants, for second homes and for holiday lets.

But it doesn’t rest there. Most people would define ‘local need’ as need arising from the existing resident population. But the Council’s planners define it as demand arising in Cornwall from the current population AND from future migrants. This then relies on projections of migration, which have been notoriously inaccurate in the past.

At present the latest ONS household projections forecast an increase of 19,000 households over the next 10 years. (As we have seen, only 10% of that stems from the current resident population: 90% arises from in-migration.) This results in a requirement for at least 1,900 houses a year to accommodate this level of migration. Which produces a theoretical Local Plan figure of 38,000 over 20 years, which is what most parish councils and many of us in Cornwall were calling for back in 2012.

The Council’s build as many as possible irrespective of the demand strategy is already ramping up migration levels to record highs.

Instead, the current Local Plan has a figure of 2,625 a year, the last official net addition to stock figure for 2016-17 was just over 3,000 and Council leader, Lib Dem Adam Paynter recently boasted of an extra 3,400 houses ‘last year’. But who will live in all those surplus houses? Will they lie empty, be sold as second homes, or be aggressively marketed as speculative schemes for upcountry buyers, thus encouraging an uplift in net migration and irresponsibly locking us into a vicious circle of growth?

As a postscript, those intent on protecting developers’ profits will no doubt wheel out the familiar Trojan horse of ‘affordable housing’. Put aside the fact that changing Government definitions result in the word ‘affordable’ now being bizarrely applied to unaffordable housing. Any demand for affordable housing is more an issue of quality of housing, not quantity. Don’t be fooled by their double counting of ‘affordables’. Despite simplistic media coverage, well over 90% of those on the housing register are already living in houses, not caravans, tents, caves or cardboard boxes. If a household on the register moves into a new property it vacates an old one, which then becomes available for another household unless it’s immediately knocked down or converted to another use.

Posted in affordability, Cornwall Council;, Local Plan, official statistics, population growth | 3 Comments

In-migration running at record level

Don’t be surprised if you’ve heard the sound of popping champagne bottles from the Cornwall Council leadership bunker in recent weeks. For it seems that at least one of their policies is working. At the end of June the Office for National Statistics (ONS) released its latest internal migration statistics. These tell us how many people move between each local authority in the UK. It revealed the shocking news that net in-migration to Cornwall in 2016-17 was up to 7,092, equivalent to a town the size of Wadebridge.

net migration 2012-17

Just four years ago in 2012-13 it was 3,087, but numbers have steadily risen since and are now at levels not seen for almost two decades. It’s no coincidence that this more than doubling of the in-migration rate has been accompanied by a 35% growth in the number of speculative houses being built in Cornwall. But I forget, in Cornwall Council’s dream world these are all being sold or rented to ‘local residents’, who then walk or cycle to work and the shops.

Strangely, this news seems not to have been reported by our fearless local media. Even if it had they’d have probably have spun this unsustainable growth as a great success story.

The only slight hope is that the ONS has got it wrong again. In the 2000s their statisticians exaggerated migration to Cornwall. But we won’t know until the next Census. In the meantime, expect Cornwall Council and central government to carry on merrily wreaking havoc on our communities, our Cornishness and our environment.

Posted in official statistics, population growth | Leave a comment

Cornwall Council’s housing target and ‘local demand’

This blog uses the latest data to show how

  • claims that Cornwall’s high housing target (equal to more than five Truros in just 20 years) is merely to meet ‘local demand’ are false
  • instead the majority of the additional housing is to meet demand from in-migrants, second home owners and tourism
  • but the target actually adds more housing than even this demand warrants

Having climbed the ladder to the dizzy heights of Chief Executive of one of the largest local authorities in the UK, Kate Kennally is, one assumes, an intelligent person. Which makes it all the more strange that a week or so back she trotted out the same tired old justification for the highest housebuilding target in Cornish history. The current target of 52,500 houses was required, she claimed, ‘in order to meet local demand’.

Oh dear: whatever can we make of this? Does she and the Council’s leadership cabal really believe that local residents follow most councillors and readily swallow this guff about ‘local demand’? Or should we be more charitable and presume she was fed this by one of her planning officers, who have consistently peddled this line for years. Except that the number needed to meet ‘local demand’ seems to be slowly and inexorably rising.

Cornwall’s population has been growing a lot faster than the rest of the UK for some time.

Let’s assume that Kate, who may be unaware of the details of Cornwall’s recent demographic history, is impressed by the wizardry of Cornwall’s planners and really does believe what they tell her, that 52,500 houses are required merely to meet ‘local demand’. The rest of this blog explains why this is not the case. Even using flawed official data, it demonstrates how Cornwall’s housing target not only meets any conceivable genuine local demand, but also meets externally generated demand from in-migrants, plus demand from second ‘home’ and holiday let buyers. Not content with that, a few thousand more houses are thrown in for good measure, just to ensure the housing target is so ridiculously high that developers have no problem at all getting permission to build houses if and when they feel driven to do so. And now that Cornwall Council is itself a developer it’s even more important that it has no reason to refuse to grant planning permission to itself (!?)

So what exactly lies behind this constantly inflating ‘local demand’? For a start, not a little disingenuity lurks behind the simple phrase ‘local demand’. The person in the street would no doubt guess that this means demand that arises locally, from Cornish residents.

Nothing could be further from the truth.

For decades now, the demand for extra housing stemming from demographic change within Cornwall has been miniscule. Apart from just two years (2010-11 and 2011-12), when there was a small temporary excess of births over deaths, natural population change in Cornwall (births minus deaths) has been negative for decades. In other words, left to its own devices, the resident population would be shrinking – by around 700 people a year at the moment.

Even allowing for a falling household size the demand arising from local, natural change could be met by building just a few thousand houses. But, as we know, the population is not falling. It’s rising. This is entirely due to an excess of in-migrants over out-migrants.

‘Local demand’ for planners doesn’t mean what it means to the rest of us. It means demand that originates elsewhere but is fulfilled in Cornwall. It’s ‘demand in Cornwall’ rather than ‘demand from Cornwall’.

Since 2011 the Office of National Statistics (ONS) estimates that population growth in Cornwall has been running at around 4,000 a year. This is considerably higher than in the 2000s, when it averaged 3,380 a year, already unsustainably high as it meant expanding the urban footprint by something like the equivalent of two Truros every decade. There are 14 years left to the 2010-30 Plan so at the current rate we might expect the population to rise by another 56,000 by 2030 (or just over three Truros).

Housing targets are supposed to be based on official projections of population and household change. The latest ONS population projection forecasts a rise of 3,900 a year to 2030 (or 54,600), which is pretty close to the current purported rate of growth. ‘Purported’ because in the 2000s the ONS overestimated Cornwall’s population growth by 13.6%. They may well be doing the same again, but for the purpose of this exercise I’ll give them the benefit of the doubt. Past projections of household and population growth in Cornwall have also consistently exaggerated growth, but we’ll ignore that for now as well.

We need to translate this growth of people into a growth of houses. First, let’s look at the Local Plan. This has a current target of 52,500 houses. If we again ignore the years of the Plan that have already passed, this equates to 36,750 houses in the 14 years left. However, the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government formula that the Tory Government is threatening to impose on local authorities will add 5,000 to this target. In addition, Cornwall Council, far from resisting this increasingly unsustainable rate, is boasting that it wants to hit a target of 3,000 a year (New Frontiers, p.42). (This is feasible as 3,074 dwellings were added to stock in the last year of available data 2016-17).

A de-facto 60,000 20 year target equates to 42,000 houses in 14 years. So we have

predicted population change of 56,000         planned housing change of 42,000

Notice anything odd here? It seems that we’re building a house for every 1.33 people. That’s strange, as the household size in Cornwall is much higher, at 2.2 persons per house. Even on the projected unsustainable (and most probably inflated) population growth rate, that ought to equate to 25,500 houses over the next 14 years. Nothing like as many as the 42,000 the Council is now pushing for.

So who are all these surplus (to demand) houses being built for? There are two possibilities.

First, some of them will be bought as second homes or holiday lets. If we take these groups into account, the average number of permanent residents per house in Cornwall falls to 2.0. At that rate a population growth of 56,000 will require 28,000 houses. But this is still well below the 42,000 the Council wants to see built.

Second, the Council’s planners will no doubt draw out of their hat extra housing required to meet a ‘backlog’ of insufficient supply that is wrongly supposed to be the reason for people seeking housing on the Council’s Homechoice Register (HCR). Yet again the Council is supremely disingenuous about this, giving the impression that all those on the HCR are homeless. As the Housing Register before 2017 was approaching 30,000 this would have accounted for a good chunk of the 18,500 houses over and above demand from in-migrants, second home buyers and tourism investors.

Except that it doesn’t. Even the Council’s pet consultants concluded in 2014, when the HCR was 27,000, that the actual backlog of housing to meet the needs of those on the Register was 5,480 (Strategic Housing Market Needs Assessment). The last available figure for the number on the register – for 2017 – was 18,758. As there have been changes since then it’s now lower, although details of the current number have mysteriously disappeared from the Council’s website.

We can therefore take the 5,480 figure as the maximum required to meet the backlog of housing need caused by insecurity, substandard properties or unaffordability. If we add that to the figures above then the total demand becomes

28,000 + 5,500 = 33,500 houses

The Council’s planners reckon yet another 1,000 houses are needed every year to meet the annually arising need for affordable houses (most of it from in-migrants). But it’s illogical to add this to a calculation already based on population growth, as that would be double counting. Providing the right proportion of ‘affordable’ housing is an issue of ensuring that housing of the right tenure is provided, not quantity.

The 33,500 houses required is STILL 13,500 (or 32%) fewer than the Council/Government target. Even though our calculation here is based on ‘official’ projections which, if the evidence of the past is anything to go by, are likely to have exaggerated Cornwall’s growth rates. More realistic assumptions taking into account the forecasting errors of the past would no doubt generate a lower figure.

More houses are being built in relation to population in Cornwall than anywhere else

We can now see why Kate Kennally’s assertion that 52,500 houses are needed to meet ‘local demand’ is ludicrous. The vast majority of the housing target accommodates demand from in-migrants, not local demand. Even after doing this and building to meet demand from second home owners and the tourist industry, the housing target, if met, will produce a surplus supply. Given the way Cornwall is marketed, those who believe this will result in price falls are living in cloud-cuckoo land. It will merely stimulate even more in-migration through speculative housing schemes. More worryingly, this will then ensure that the constantly inflated official projections become reality.

Make no mistake about it. Cornwall Council is entirely complicit in a housing target that is excessive and irresponsible by any reasonable criteria. Now its leaders have decided to become developers themselves and are hell-bent on building over and above any reasonable target based on actual demand, both local and external. This is now a central strand in their increasingly desperate scrabbling around to boost their income at a time of falling central government grants.

There are no signs that Cornwall Council’s leadership will rethink their plans, the consequences of which will be to boost unsustainable population growth, irrevocably transforming Cornwall’s environment, landscapes and culture. Indeed, quite the reverse. The Council has become a parasite, leeching off Cornwall, its host organism, to keep itself alive. It will blindly continue to do this until Cornwall has been thoroughly drained of both its distinctiveness and Cornishness, leaving behind a desiccated husk.

Posted in Cornwall Council;, Local Plan, official statistics, population growth | 5 Comments

Fantasy and reality

Yesterday, I remarked in a tweet that it was getting ever more difficult to distinguish fantasy from reality these days. Fake news, doctored data, elusive surveys, selective citations, downright lies all jostle noisily with the facts for our attention. Moreover, we hardly need to look across the Atlantic to Trump’s Amerikka for examples.

Take the grand vision our ruling elite has for our economy. Central to this is the creation of not just more jobs, although there’s going to be lots, but better, more fulfilling jobs. Thus the ‘Local’ Plan tells us that a ’key target’ is ‘supporting the provision of better paid full-time employment opportunities’.

More recently, the New Frontiers document laid out the vision of Cornwall Council and the Cornwall and Scilly Local Enterprise Board …

Is this what they mean?

Of course, it would be churlish to deny that some well-paid jobs have been conjured up since the 1990s. Yet oddly, given the national minority status gained by the Cornish in 2014, Cornwall Council and its partners haven’t seen fit to collect or publish any ethnicity data on the destination of these jobs.

We therefore have to rely on anecdotal evidence. I can only offer first-hand knowledge of one example. At the university campus at Tremough, the vast majority of the better-paid, new managerial and academic jobs created in the noughties certainly did not go to local residents. It’s also a safe bet to assume that most of the project class who were employed to manage European funding were not local residents either.

Never mind though. Pool is fast becoming the fast food centre of Cornwall. Behind the flannel, is that what their ‘vision’ really amounts to? Is this it? Is this all we have to look forward to? An endless, shallow future of ever more mindless consumption, traffic, congestion, and corporate placelessness?

Posted in Cornwall Council; | 1 Comment

More on those surveys that never were. Cornwall Council still insists world is flat

You have to give Cornwall Council’s planners full credit for being as slippery as a set of eels. First, they concede that they have no actual contemporary survey data to back up their regular claims that 80%+ of new housing in Cornwall goes to existing residents. But they still deny that their assertions were groundless.

Like a rabbit from a hat, they’re now suddenly remembering another survey which completely proves their point. Of course, it was a ‘few years old’, but it surveyed 2,000 houses across Cornwall, or so a councillor claims. Or perhaps not, as an officer pipes up and says it was a ‘possibly pre-unitary’ District Council piece of research, which makes it pre-2009. They don’t know where it is though and it was never published.

So we now have a ten year-old (at least) survey, gathering dust somewhere in a drawer, which is supposed to be the sole source of the Council’s fatuous claims that all new housing in Cornwall meets ‘local need’, while none of it goes to in-migrants. We don’t know exactly where and when it was conducted or by whom. And they can’t tell us what type of housing it covered or what its methodology was. And they can’t actually produce it (but promise they will).

Land now being built on at Perranporth to provide houses, four out of five of which will go to local folk, according to Cornwall Council.

Something about this mysterious survey just isn’t adding up. If it was such a genuinely robust and comprehensive piece of research then why didn’t the planners dig it out well before now in order to staunch the stubborn ‘myth’ (as they see it) that most new housing goes to in-migrants? Why didn’t they cite it in the various documents produced as ‘evidence’ for the Local Plan, if it ‘proves’ that all new housing merely meets local need?

Is a single ten-year old survey really all that underlies the various assertions by councillors, planners and others that 80%+ of new houses go to local people? This doesn’t say much for their ‘evidence base’. Now, they’re trying to distract from the pathetic quality of their own ‘evidence’ by instead demanding that campaigners produce evidence that the majority of new housing is occupied by in-migrants. This is the usual brazen tactic of creating a red herring to hide their own sorry paucity of evidence.

Will 80% of the houses built on this land at Newquay really go to locals?

What amazing lengths to go to in order to cover up a reckless and irresponsible policy of housing and population growth, one that’s re-engineering Cornish communities, transforming our landscape and blighting our environment.

Posted in Cornwall Council;, environment, official statistics, planning system, population growth | 4 Comments

The curious case of the Cornwall Council housing surveys that never were

Back in 2015 Phil Mason, Cornwall Council’s planning chief, announced at a meeting about housing that new housing projects attracted no in-migrants. Instead, all new houses were actually being built for current residents. It’s fair to say that this was met with some scepticism and not a little derision from those present.

Population growth in Cornwall arises entirely from net in-migration (natural change – births minus deaths – is negative). Therefore, anyone can see that the vast majority of any net additional housing is only ‘needed’ to meet demand from migrants. The only explanation for Mason’s astonishing claim was that all those in-migrants bought older houses, the displaced residents of which used the dosh to buy that nice new house.

The journalists present did not feel it necessary to probe Mr Mason’s assertion. Maybe they felt the Head of Planning and Regeneration must have had some evidence lurking behind his claim. The strong implication was that Cornwall Council had surveyed residents of new housing projects. After all, such a survey had been undertaken and the results published back in 1987.

Yet that survey, conducted with a genuinely robust methodology, discovered that 44% of residents of new private housing had moved directly to Cornwall, while another 10% had only had a short stay in rented or other housing here before buying their properties. Mason’s revelation therefore looked strangely at odds with the picture a generation earlier, despite continuing high levels of in-migration.

Surrounded by beauty? Oddly the developers don’t add that this land near Truro is earmarked for a 2,700 house suburb

It also begged the question of why, if all new open market houses were being sold to existing residents, estate agents and developers market their houses in the way they do. Why do they always emphasise the proximity of the M5 and Newquay airport? Why do they describe bog-standard soulless commuter villages as ‘idyllic, small and rural village communities’, or Truro as a ‘charming Georgian city … surrounded by beauty’? Why do they emphasise the ‘Cornwall countryside’ and invite prospective purchasers to ‘explore the heart of Cornwall’? This doesn’t look like the best strategy for selling to local people.

This hasn’t been the only time over the past few years when planners and councillors have assured campaigners they are mistaken and that uncited surveys exist which back up the notion that the vast majority of new housing goes to local residents. For instance, in 2012 the then Cornwall Council portfolio holder for planning (Cllr Kaczmarek) stated that most residents of new housing had moved no more than two miles. Suspiciously however, on being invited to produce a source for this, he declined to answer.

Then in January 2016 a peer review of Cornwall Council’s planning department concluded that ‘post-building surveys have shown that the vast majority of market homes are lived in by people from the surrounding area.’ No details were offered about these mysterious ‘post-building surveys’ and it was left ambiguous whether they were conducted by the Council or by developers. But it was enough for the authors of the report, which laughably described Cornwall Council as ‘anti-development’, to confidently state that ‘the common perception that new homes are bought by people outside the area’ was just a ‘myth’.

Finally, this March Cllr Tim Dwelly (formerly Labour, now Independent) wrote to a housing campaigner with the very specific information that ‘The housing department at the council has tracked this with large surveys. The figure is something like 80% local … It’s a myth that newly developed homes [sic] are mainly bought by ‘incomers’ … all made up stories that people fall for’.

All of which certainly sounds as if the Council has been conducting research into the destination of new housing and is able to back up its claims with solid evidence. Yet it’s strange, to say the least, that this major body of evidence, especially given its purported findings, hasn’t been published, in contrast to the 1987 survey. To clarify things, at the end of March a freedom of infomation request was sent to Cornwall Council asking whether survey research had been undertaken on the origins of residents of new housing in Cornwall, details of its methodology and a source or reference to such work.

Although it took the Council the full 20 working days to respond, the answer was blunt. ‘We have not been conducting ‘survey research’ on the destination of new housing in Cornwall’.

Now, things begin to get a bit murky. Cornwall Council’s planners are not exactly renowned for their cautious and responsible handling of data. Selective use of evidence, a cavalier approach to statistics, economising with the truth, gratuitously ignoring or dismissing counter-evidence have been their stock-in-trade for years. Officers have been adept at generating factoids (statements that look like facts but are in practice fictional or partial). These are then distributed to gullible councillors who act as their mouthpiece and disseminate them via an uncritical media.

It now turns out that the various claims that almost all new housing goes to local residents is merely another insubstantial factoid. There is no survey. There is no body of evidence behind these assertions. Planners and councillors are, wittingly or unwittingly, perpetrating a myth, a made-up story that people fall for.

In the absence of any evidence to the contrary, it appears that Cornwall Council hasn’t a clue where the residents of new housing come from, and probably doesn’t care. Which raises three questions.

First, who initiated the, sometimes quite precise, claims made over the past few years, claims that now turn out to be yet another groundless myth? Are they entirely spurious or were they perhaps recycled from unverifiable developers’ assertions? This would hardly be surprising given the cosy relationship between the planning department and the volume housebuilders.

Second, apologies are now surely in order. Will planning officers apologise to councillors who they plainly appear to have misled? Will those councillors in turn apologise to those who elect them for making statements in public that are not based on a shred of evidence and failing to check the simplistic myths they’re offered?

Third, why isn’t the Council collating data on the origins of residents of new housing? Could it be that such data would only prove the blindingly obvious fact that a large proportion of new houses is indeed sold or rented to newcomers attracted to Cornwall by the marketing of the developers and estate agents?

Posted in Cornwall Council;, official statistics, planning system | Tagged | 2 Comments