Cornwall Councillors refuse to reply to Charter for Cornwall

On Monday, 6th March, the Charter for Cornwall steering group sent a message to all 123 sitting Cornwall Councillors. Apart from the handful of councillors with no email address, it was sent in two forms, email and hard copy delivered personally to their pigeon holes at Lys Kernow. The letter informed them of the Charter for Cornwall and asked for their views on the four pledges.

Sadly, the response has been less than overwhelming. Seven sitting councillors have signed up to the four pledges of the Charter. Another handful of Liberal Democrats have told the Charter group they’re happy with the demand for fewer second homes, more social rented housing and the devolution of planning powers to Cornwall. But they’re unwilling to work for a reduction in the excessive housing target Cornwall Council is saddled with. (More on this in the postscript below). Another brace of councillors indicated that they do not support the pledges.

Meanwhile, the silence from the other 111 councillors has been deafening. How might we explain this appalling lack of interest in the issues highlighted in the Charter pledges? Is it that they just can’t be bothered? Too arrogant or too contemptuous of the campaign to waste time replying? Unable to understand why this is an issue for so many or empathise with their concerns?

Whatever the reasons, the tactic appears to be to ignore the Charter and hope that it and the issues it prioritises might just go away.

Elephant?? I can’t see any.







Such tactics do little to dispel the widespread view that councillors are complacently accepting the transformation of Cornwall in the interests of a non-Cornish agenda. Or the notion that councillors are not prepared to be transparent about their complicity in the Council’s unsustainable housing and population growth strategy by refusing to debate it publicly, or even acknowledge it. Or the argument from some that they have a complete absence of vision and are unable to work together to hammer out a more balanced strategy that can better protect and enhance our heritage and environment. Or the claim they are actively colluding in the destruction of Cornwall while passing the buck back to an equally useless bunch of MPs. Or the accusation that they have been thoroughly captured by the developers’ lobby.

Whatever the reason, the failure of the vast majority of Cornwall Councillors to respond to the Charter for Cornwall is a shocking indictment of their willingness to engage with these issues. When we get our chance to vote in May we must remember this.

Some councillors have told the Charter group it’s ‘dishonest’ to pretend the Council is able to do anything about its housing target. Yet this is itself a dishonest stance.

It’s dishonest because councillors could have done and still could do several things to increase pressure for a lower target. They could have challenged the faulty projections the housing targets are based on and told their officers to work with campaigners to generate a robust case for a lower target. They didn’t. They could have made the Government’s refusal to consider devolving strategic planning powers to Cornwall in the so-called ‘devolution deal’ a deal breaker. They didn’t.

Furthermore, it’s dishonest in that the majority of councillors have either made light of or wholeheartedly supported the Council leadership’s high housing and population growth strategy, as packaged in their ‘growth deals‘. Lectures about being ‘honest’ are surely a little misplaced coming from councillors who have kept quiet about the implications of this unsustainable strategy. ‘Honesty’ might have involved making the explicit case for the advantages of such a policy. They didn’t. Or by encouraging a genuine public debate over the future direction of Cornwall and its communities. They haven’t.

Posted in Charter for Cornwall, councillors, population growth | Leave a comment

Mutual buck-passing: how politicians shirk their responsibility

The Charter for Cornwall campaign group has contacted all sitting Cornwall Councillors asking them for their views on the four pledges of their Charter. Replies were very promptly received from three senior Liberal Democrats. They stated they were willing to sign up to the pledges on social housing, second homes and the devolution of strategic planning but were unable to support the first pledge and oppose the Council’s excessive housing target.

For the record, here’s the actual wording of that pledge.

I pledge to do everything possible, including working with other councillors across party lines, to reduce Cornwall Council’s excessive housing targets.

Seems modest enough. Indeed, several sympathisers with the campaign felt this wording was far too vague and would allow anyone to sign up. So why is it too contentious for some sitting councillors?

Councillors say …

We need a change of government to get any real change in the total

I suggest you approach the Government … it is Government policy that is creating a problem for Cornwall

the Government has shown that the more resistance locally the more they will interfere from the London!‘ [sic]

What we see here is the technique of mutual buck-passing regularly indulged in by MPs and Cornwall’s local councillors. MPs blame the Council for the excessive and unsustainable levels of housebuilding. Councillors blame the Government. Passing the buck in this manner is convenient and absolves the passer from all blame. However, it’s also a cynical ploy designed to dizzy and disorient the onlooker as the buck periodically whizzes past. Such manoeuvres do little to address the alienation of the voting public or prevent the turn to the simplistic solutions offered by the populist far right.

The truth is that both are to blame. The Government’s National Planning Policy Framework is full of weasel words like localism and ‘sustainable development’. Basically it does the opposite, by loading the dice heavily in favour of developers, making it well-nigh impossible for communities or local planning authorities to stop speculative housing schemes.

But Cornwall Council’s record is equally weaselly. Let’s look at the facts. When the Local Plan process began all voluntary and community groups in Cornwall and the vast majority of Town and Parish Councils wanted a target of 38,000 or fewer. Cornwall Council ignored this and eventually plumped for 48,000. Councillors were swayed by their officers who assured them this was the minimum the Government would accept. The 48,000 target was underpinned by the uncritical use of official data. Every single one of these projections has turned out to be exaggerated or otherwise inaccurate.

Having allowed the planners to generate arguments for continuing a high housing and population growth strategy, those arguments were then seized upon gratefully by the housebuilders. Not believing their luck, they cherry-picked the Council’s own arguments for a higher housing target and threw them back at them at the public examination. As a result another 5,000 was added to the target and we’re stuck with 52,500, a 16% rise on recent, already relatively high building rates.

Meanwhile, despite hiding behind a language of affordability and ‘local needs’, Cornwall Council has been working quietly with the unelected and unaccountable Local Enterprise Partnership to impose a growth strategy on Cornwall that has at its centre a programme of massive housebuilding and population growth. Moreover, by uncritically embracing the ‘Lifestyle Cornwall offer’, Cornwall Council has been actively encouraging population growth and undermining any attempt to moderate or re-balance its growth strategy. Consistency in policy-making has hardly been the hallmark of Council policy.

Are councillors happy with this state of affairs continuing?

The truth is that Cornwall Council’s leadership has been committed to a high growth strategy since 2010. Most councillors have been unwilling or unable to challenge this. Few have bothered to investigate alternatives to an ‘extend and pretend’ policy, expose its long-term unsustainability or properly discuss its effects on the Cornish heritage or environment.

Despite the Liberal Democrat councillors’ denial, there was always an alternative. Councillors could have instructed their officers to produce a more robust case for the lowest possible target from the outset. They could have worked with campaigners and publicly exposed the inaccuracy of the projections used by central government. They could have more vigorously lobbied for special treatment for Cornwall, making more use of the national minority status designated in 2014 to back this up.

They did none of this. So they must shoulder part of the blame for the excessive housing target and an out-of-control developer-led growth policy. It’s too late now to moan about being misunderstood while blaming the Government for all our woes. Yes, of course central government is culpable, but Cornwall Council has colluded in that culpability and our elected representatives have been much too complacent in the face of this. This is exactly why a new broom is needed at Cornwall Council along with an injection of vision.

However, it’s not too late for councillors to recognise that the strategic direction of the past seven years was mistaken and begin to work together to reduce the excessive housing target imposed on Cornwall as part of a plan for a genuinely sustainable future. They could make a start by signing up to the Charter.

Posted in Charter for Cornwall, Cornwall Council;, councillors, planning system, population growth | 2 Comments

The myth of ‘developed’ land: the false facts roll on

Cornwall Councillors should really stop taking the pills being peddled to them by their planning officers. This morning on Radio Cornwall there was Joyce Duffin, Liberal Democrat housing portfolio holder, claiming that ‘only about 5% of Cornwall is developed’. The implication is that there’s plenty of space for all the extra housing, in-migrants and population growth they’re planning for us (a 16% increase on recent building rates incidentally).

As well as being stunningly complacent, refusing to acknowledge the long-term consequences of such a growth rate or consider its implications for Cornwall’s environment, heritage or culture, councillors seem unable to make up their minds. A few weeks ago Leader John Pollard was telling us only 3% of Cornwall was built on. And back in 2014 Councillor Andrew Wallis confidently asserted that only 1% ‘has development’.

Come on guys, if you’re going to trade in false facts at least be consistent. In truth, these claims are extremely misleading to say the least. They are more weapons to confuse and defuse campaigns for a more balanced and genuinely sustainable strategy rather than unambiguous ‘facts’.

Rather than invent the wheel yet again, it’s worth repeating here part of a blog written back in February 2015. Here it is again in the weary hope that Cornwall Councillors might eventually read it and understand.

Only 1% of Cornwall is ‘covered with houses’
The second curiosity in the world of Cornwall’s planners is the statistic the Council’s leading lights are keen to repeat at every opportunity – that less than 1% of Cornwall’s land surface is ‘used for housing‘. This is a factoid, in the sense of being ‘a briefly stated and usually trivial fact’. It’s technically true but there’s something very, very odd about it that undermines the image the Council wishes to convey when it wheels it out.

The source for what supporters of high housing growth think is their killer fact is the Generalised Land Use Database (GLUD) of 2005. This does indeed inform us that of 3.6 million square meters of Cornish land surface (some of that being water), only 22,464 square meters (or 0.62%) are accounted for by the ‘area of domestic buildings’.

Councillors have played fast and loose with this one. Take Councillor Andrew Wallis’s blog of 24th November. He confidently stated ‘that ‘currently roughly 1% of Cornwall has development‘. This is not at all the same thing. He is mischievously misleading his readers as he makes his point as part of an argument that the Local Plan is not ‘concreting over’ Cornwall. The clear implication is that the other 99% of Cornwall is not developed, which to most people would imply green fields and countryside. Sadly, this is not the case. We have to add a few little things to the GLUD statistic for ‘area of domestic buildings’ to reach the total of ‘developed land’. Things such as other non-domestic buildings, shops, offices, public buildings, roads, car parks, domestic gardens, industrial land, clay tips and the like. In fact 91% of Cornwall is classified as ‘greenspace’, not 99%, or 97% or 95. This means that 9% isn’t greenspace.

It’s a pity that neither Cllr Wallis nor Cllr Polard or Cllr Duffin ever ask their officers for the source of the data and then spend a few moments quietly reflecting on them before rushing into print or onto the radio. A pity too that no journalist seems capable of challenging these statistics. If they had done, they would have discovered a very strange thing.

In Plymouth is only 8% of land 'developed'?
In Plymouth is only 8% of land ‘developed’?

If we return to the area covered by domestic housing, from the same GLUD source we can easily work out this proportion in other regions and local authorities. Let’s take Plymouth for example, which most people would agree is an urban local authority. According to these statistics the proportion of land covered by houses in Plymouth is just 7.8%. So apparently plenty of room in Plymouth for expansion. Or what about Bristol? There, the proportion covered by houses is slightly bigger at 8.3%. There must be a lot of fields and countryside there though if 92% is undeveloped.

Or Bristol - does only 8% have 'development'?
Is only 8% of Bristol ‘developed’?

And what about Greater London? There isn’t a vast amount of countryside left in London apart from the royal parks. But the same statistic reveals that the area of London covered by houses is a mere 8.7%. How much of the remaining 91.3% is rural though? Think about it.

Is 91% of Greater London really undeveloped or are Cornwall Councillors living in cloud cuckoo land?
Is 91% of Greater London really undeveloped or are Cornwall Councillors living in cloud cuckoo land?
Posted in Cornwall Council;, discourses and ideologies, Local Plan | 2 Comments

The letter the West Briton didn’t print

This week the West Brit printed two excellent letters exposing the fatuous claim by John Pollard that Cornwall Council’s policy already matches the four pledges of the Charter for Cornwall. Below is the letter the newspaper chose not to print.

Dear editor,

People power works! Less than a month after the launch of the Charter for Cornwall, John Pollard, Cornwall Council’s leader, announced a stunning U-turn in Council policy (Letters 2nd Feb). Apparently, the Council will bin its planned 16% increase in the housing target, introduce ‘Cornish affordable housing’ for local people and reverse policies that indirectly stimulate population growth.

It’s all a bit late, and bolting horses and swinging stable doors inevitably come to mind. Yet this is a welcome new ‘vision’ for the Council. Hitherto, this has too often consisted of boosting ‘developments’ for short-term gains with little consideration of capacity issues or community concerns.

What a shame, however, that Cllr Pollard backed up his announcement of the Council’s change of direction by repeating spurious statistics. He must know that the figure of 3% of Cornwall’s land built on includes only the actual footprint of buildings and roads. It doesn’t include gardens, parks, central reservations or former industrial land.

In fact the data he uses, now 12 years old, also state that 91% of Cornwall is ‘greenspace’. Which suggests 9% isn’t. And don’t jump to the conclusion that ‘greenspace’ equals open countryside. According to the same figures 42% of Plymouth is ‘greenspace’, as is 38% of Greater London.

Unfortunately, the unavoidable fact is that in Cornwall our countryside is being built on at a faster rate (almost twice as fast since 2010) than east of the Tamar. No amount of fiddling with the figures alters that.

Playing fast and loose with fake facts might make some question whether Cllr Pollard’s U-turn is genuine. Surely, this isn’t another a case of doublespeak, where Cornwall Council claims to be doing the exact opposite of what it’s actually doing, thus thoroughly confusing everyone. For example, every ‘development’ is hailed as ‘sustainable’, while collectively any idiot can see such a growth rate is unsustainable.

But let’s give Cllr Pollard the benefit of the doubt. If he’s serious about his change of heart, we hope he’ll come and join us. On our website, he’ll then be able to propose some actual policies to meet his newly discovered vision, as well as urge other candidates at May’s election also to sign up to the Charter for Cornwall.

Posted in Cornwall Council;, Local Plan, official statistics | 1 Comment

Fake facts and fantasy: the perils of Pollardspeak

Readers of the West Briton must have choked on their cornflakes this week when they read its letters column. There was the leader of Cornwall Council, John Pollard, popping up to claim that the Council had been supporting the four aims of the Charter for Cornwall all along. Let’s recap. Here are the draft pledges:

  • Reduce Cornwall Council’s excessive housing targets and put local needs first.
  • Restore social rented housing and genuinely affordable housing.
  • Reduce the number of second homes.
  • Support the devolution of strategic planning.
Cllr Pollard claims black is white

Cllr Pollard claims black is white

In an amazingly acrobatic display of logic, Cllr Pollard has convinced himself that Cornwall Council meets these objectives. Others may be less inclined to find his claim in any way credible.

What we have here is a rather clever wheeze dreamt up by Cllr Pollard, or perhaps one of his senior officers. This involves flying an outrageous kite to wrongfoot critics and confuse the public. As dismay about the Council’s collusion with developer-led growth mounts up and down Cornwall, it’s no longer enough to paint campaigners for a more balanced approach as nimbys or ‘anti-progress’. Now the anger on the streets is spreading the Council desperately attempts to diffuse opposition by claiming they have the same objectives as the campaigners.

Beware this old wolf clad in new sheep’s clothing.

When is enough enough?

When is enough enough?

Let’s investigate some of Cllr Pollard’s assertions a little more closely. Apparently, the 52,500 house target in the Local Plan (a 16% rise on recent build rates) is the only way to reduce the 52,500 target. This is pure Alice in Wonderland. We can only reduce the housing target by first increasing it. We can only get developers under control by first giving them what they want and allowing our planning department to work closely with them.

If they were so keen on a lower target, why didn’t Cllr Pollard and the leadership of the Cornwall Council never question their planners’ uncritical use of questionable projections of population and household growth to argue for ever higher housebuilding targets? Even when those projections were found to be hopelessly flawed, both for Cornwall and more widely? They didn’t bat their collective eyelids when their planners’ arguments for higher housing targets to meet a non-existent demand were then gleefully seized upon by developers and recycled back to the council.

Cllr Pollard repeats the same old moan we regularly hear from councillors. Don’t blame us, we can’t do anything about Government legislation. ‘Our hands are tied’, they whine, hiding behind the Government’s National Planning Policy Framework.

Obviously, they’re constrained by Government policy, but there were many things the Council could have done but chose not to. They could have instructed their officers to work with campaigners outside the Council and produce a robust case for a lower housing target. Instead, senior councillors dismissed campaigners’ arguments (since proved to be accurate), as they uncritically repeated the fake statistics churned out by their officers. When their case to central government was ignored they could have forced the Government to impose a Plan on Cornwall, thus clearly shifting the blame for unsustainable growth onto the Government. They could have mobilised the people of Cornwall behind their campaign for a lower housing target instead of keeping it secret.

It’s too much now to expect us to believe that the Council, which has been meekly submitting all along to the pressure for ever-rising housing targets, has actually been working all the time for a lower target. Especially as a succession of Chief Officers have lauded housing growth as an ‘opportunity’ for Cornwall and a chance to boost Council Tax revenues and obtain infrastructure.

As is par for the course, Cllr Pollard wheels out fake facts. We’re told that the Council wins 85% of appeals. But these are mainly appeals by individuals, which was always the case, not the ones by powerful mass house builders. Then there’s the hoary old one about only 3% of Cornwall being built on. There’s plenty of land out there, runs the argument, so let’s allow developers to make their profits and build on it.

Countryside is disappearing at a faster rate in Cornwall than in England. Is this fair?

Countryside is disappearing at a faster rate in Cornwall than in England. Is this fair?

This is a very mysterious ‘fact’ that shifts unpredictably in the telling. Sometimes, we’re told it’s 1%, sometimes it’s been 7%. Seems the council officers who feed this to gullible portfolio holders can’t make their minds up. The figure is actually based on something called the Generalised Land Use Database, mapping surveys carried out in 2001 and 2005, which show that 91% of Cornwall is ‘greenspace’. The methodology behind this survey has been questioned and they were not repeated. Yet even the GLUD dataset showed that the proportion of ‘greenspace’ in Cornwall was declining at a faster rate than in England, something Cllr Pollard unaccountably forgot to inform us.

Fake facts are accompanied by outright denial. Cllr Pollard claims that Cornwall Council is not causing population growth. This is despite the indirect impact of policies such as encouraging tourism, linked for 50 years to in-migration, road building and the ‘Life style Cornwall offer’ the Council is so keen on. Then there’s the direct impact of its housing growth policies. Does Cllr Pollard never get out and look around him?

Trumpeting the Council’s affordable housing policy is all very well but isn’t it all too little too late? In each of the last two years just 10 (ten) houses for social rent were built in Cornwall. Cllr Pollard fails to mention that to build more houses for social rent the Council has to build so-called ‘affordable’ houses that are not affordable as well as sell open market housing. But to whom?

John Pollard says Cornwall isn't a developers' paradise despite the clear evidence.

John Pollard says Cornwall isn’t a developers’ paradise despite the clear evidence.

He also skates around the fact that affordable housing is needed to house future in-migrants as much as local residents. Why is the Council so coy about producing data on the destination of affordable housing? And why hasn’t it been more vociferous in condemning central government changes that have undermined genuinely affordable housing?

All this neatly deflects attention from the Council’s abject failure to revise its Home Choice Register, something virtually every other local authority has managed to do. Is it a coincidence that the inflated numbers on this register has allowed developers to cynically use ‘waiting lists’ to boost their speculative housing schemes?

More houses are already being built in Cornwall than anywhere in England or Wales in relation to our population. And they still want more.

More houses are already being built in Cornwall than anywhere in England or Wales in relation to our population. And they still want more.

On second homes Cornwall Council was slow to act, leaving it to St Ives Town Council to initiate the breakthrough. Meanwhile, Cornwall Council’s other policies, such as encouraging tourism or boosting the environmentally disastrous growth of Newquay airport make second home ownership more, not less, attractive. Similarly, its uncritical support for the never-ending expansion of Falmouth and Exeter Universities’ campus at Penryn is causing major housing headaches locally.

Finally, Cllr Pollard’s claim that the Council was resolutely pursuing the devolution of planning powers in the face of government opposition is laughable. The fact is that, as soon as it was brusquely told that the Government had no intention of devolving planning powers, Cornwall Council feebly caved in and took it off their shopping list. If it was so important then why wasn’t it a deal-breaker? The so-called ‘deal’ in any case resulted in the unelected Local Enterprise Partnership getting the cash and Cornwall Council carrying the can for implementing central government policies. Some ‘deal’!

The facts are plain. Cornwall Council has miserably failed to pursue the actual policies necessary to make the objectives of the Charter for Cornwall a reality. Indeed, many of its policies directly contradict the Charter and work against its objectives. No amount of misinformation, bluster and spin from Cllr Pollard can conceal the glaring reality that Cornwall Council is part of the problem, not the solution. For a truly democratic settlement in Cornwall that respects and reflects Cornish aspirations, we urgently need a major reform of our democratic institutions. This entails replacing Cornwall Council with a properly functioning and more responsive local government structure and a new, streamlined strategic regional tier at the Cornwall level.

Is Cllr Pollard up for that too?

Posted in Cornwall Council;, discourses and ideologies, Local Plan, planning system, population growth | Tagged | 5 Comments

Tory MP clarifies ‘confusion’

Conservative MP for North Cornwall, Scott Mann, has been forced to react to the angry furore raised by his reported intention to meet ministers, together with his fellow Cornish MPs, to discuss the future of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities. His original answer raised the suspicion that Cornwall’s Tory MPs were planning to use the cover of Brexit to urge their Government to pull out of the Convention.

Here’s the original reply, together with the actual question it was attached to in the copy I received.

Q: What are you doing to uphold the Protected Minority Status that is being ignored (unsustainable unaffordable and unneeded building, of 55000 homes most of us can’t afford).

A: It is early days in the process of leaving the EU, but the continuation of national minority status will no doubt be discussed between Cornwall’s MPs and the Government to see if it will remain in place. The Status is not related to housing or development policy

Now, Scott Mann claims he misunderstood the question. Here’s his clarification.

There was some confusion and I thought your original question on Facebook suggested that Brexit was going to affect the minority status.

As the Framework is overseen by the Council of Europe – which is not an EU institution – I do not believe that Brexit will affect it. For complete peace of mind, I have written to the Secretary of State for Brexit, asking that he confirm this. Like you, I want the Status to remain in place.

While it is welcome news that Scott Mann wants the national minority status of the Cornish to remain in place, some questions remain.

  1. Why wasn’t Scott Mann aware a week ago that the Framework Convention was a Council of Europe initiative?
  2. Why, if it has nothing to do with the EU and Brexit, does he still need to write to the Brexit minister asking for confirmation? Why put the suggestion of possible withdrawal into their heads?
  3. Why are government institutions, at both central and local state level, consistently ignoring the implications of the Framework Convention, for example in the proposed devonwall constituency or in the plans for an increase in housebuilding and in-migration?

The price of liberty is eternal vigilance.

Posted in devonwall | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Tories planning to ditch Cornish national minority status?

This week I was given a copy of a letter from Conservative MP for North Cornwall, Scott Mann, sent to one of his constituents. He’d been asked ‘what are you doing to uphold protected minority status’ [for the Cornish]?

Scott Mann’s reply included these words:

“It is early days in the process of leaving the EU, but the continuation of national minority status will no doubt be discussed between Cornwall’s MPs and the Government to see if it will remain in place.”

scott-mann‘To see if it will remain in place’??? This raises a number of very serious questions. First, national minority status for the Cornish was a result of the UK Government signing up to the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities in 2014. This is a Council of Europe convention. It has nothing to do with the European Union. Brexit will have no effect on it.

Is Scott Mann unaware of this? Such a level of ignorance on the part of someone entrusted to vote on Brexit on our behalf is deeply disturbing to say the least. It has worrying implications for the issue of the quality of parliamentary representation we ‘enjoy’ in Cornwall.

Second, Scott Mann went on to assert that the Convention is “not related to housing or development policy”. This is not the case as Article 16 demonstrates. But the possibility (admittedly remote) of Cornwall’s councillors starting to use it to demand fairer treatment clearly concerns him. In another part of the letter he plainly states “housing growth in Cornwall is a good thing”.

Nothing to do with housing policy??

Nothing to do with housing policy??

Whatever is going on here? Why raise the possibility that minority status might not “remain in place”? What are Cornwall’s six Tory MPs planning to talk about with their ministers? Are they quietly seizing the opportunity to urge the Government to pull out of the Convention? Is this an attempt to extricate themselves from the embarrassing commitment to grant the Cornish a status equal to the Scots and Welsh, a commitment that so far they have made no sign of honouring?

Many will no doubt see this as further evidence of the renewed Tory offensive against Cornish rights. It comes hot on the heels of centralised planning rules that lock us into unsustainable growth in order to feed external demand, the first cross-border parliamentary constituency in 800 years, renewed devonwall initiatives, the insulting devolution ‘deal’ of 2015, cutting funding for the revived Cornish language, attacking representative democracy in Cornwall. It’s beginning to look very much like a concerted plan to ensure the Cornish are safely consigned to the dustbin of history.

Posted in devonwall | Tagged , , | 6 Comments